The Family of David McKenzie of Rieniand, Glen Girnaig

Rinancoillach

Ruins of the last house to be built at Rinancoillach

David McKenzie was the son of Thomas McKenzie, the Duke of Atholl's forester in Rinancoillach. Thomas McKenzie had obtained a tack (lease) for the lands of Rienancollich and Rieniand, and David farmed the Rieniand part on behalf of his father.

(Generation 1) The Family of Thomas McKenzie, forester at Rinancoillach

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
David c1680 Elspeth McKenzie c1720 Rieniand h. 1729
w. after 1735
Alexander c1682 Beatrix Robertson . Rinancoillach h. c1724
w. after 1735
Donald c1685 Susan McGregor,
alias Murray
18 Aug 1736 Rinancoillach h. Sep 1737
w. after 1738
female . . . Rinancoillach d.

The first reference to David McKenzie appears in the Session Minutes of Blair Atholl parish concerning the illegitimate child of Jannet Graheme.

On 1st May 1720 Jannet Graheme was examined by the Session and said that she did not know if she was with child or not, claiming that Donald McKenzie in Rinancoillach 'committed guilt' with her, between Christmas and Yule, at Rinancoillach in his father's house in the night time. When Donald was summoned to answer this charge, he claimed that any child was not his. Jannet then claimed that the guilt took place when she was in service in his father's house and said that Elspeth McKenzie, spouse to David McKenzie (Donald's older brother) in Rinancoillach and John Stewart, servant in Urchil-beg had seen 'ill appearance' between them.

The Session met in early September but David McKenzie did not appear before them to be questioned. Janet Graheme with her child in her arms appeared, but Donald McKenzie again denied being its father. At this point Janet revealed that the relationship had been long-running, alleging that David McKenzie came and found Donald McKenzie in the very act of fornication, in the barn, 7 years ago. David McKenzie was summoned by the Session and eventually appeared before them.

David McKenzie about 40 years, a married man, claimed that he never saw Donald McKenzie and Janet Graheme 6 or 7 years ago, in the barn, or at anytime after or before. He had not heard if they were scandalous, but heard Donald and John Stewart (a farm servant) say that they could not be quit of her, and that he saw her come out of the barn weeping after they had laid upon her such sayings. John Stewart in Breakach (previously farm servant in Urchil-beg) was summoned to give evidence, but nothing came of it.

David McKenzie died in 1729 and was buried in the churchyard of St. Brides, Blair Atholl. Amazingly, a flat stone still survives inscribed "D MK 1729" surrounded by monuments to his McKenzie kin.

David McKenzies's Stone The McKenzie burial area

David McKenzies's Stone 1729 (left), one of many memorials in the McKenzie burial area at St Brides, Blair Atholl (right)

David McKenzie and Elspeth McKenzie in Rieniand had at least three children, the oldest being John. This comes from a tack granted in 1730 to John McKenzie, eldest son of the deceased David McKenzie. Duncan, his younger brother, is mentioned in the 'Chronicles of the Atholl and Tullibardine Families' as joining the Jacobite army with his elder brother during the '45 rebellion. The third son was Thomas, and his parentage is recorded at the beginning of the 1738 Testament of the Donald McKenzie previously mentioned.

The Testament dative and Inventory of the sums of money and debts which pertained to umquhile (deceased) Donald MacKenzie in Rinancoillach (at) the time of his decease which was in the month of September last by past. Faithfully made and given up by Thomas McKenzie, son of umquhile David McKenzie in Rinancoillach, nephew to the deceased and executor dative. Dative deceased to him for the behalf Kenneth McKenzie, only lawful child of the defunct, by the Commissariot of Dunkeld.

David's father, Thomas McKenzie, obtained the tack (lease) for the lands of Rienancollich and Rieniand in 1715, for 1,200 merks with an annual payment of 13 6s 8d Scots and two wedders. The sum of 1,200 merks would have been an enormous payment for a lease, and it is more likely that this sum was being lent to the Duke using Rienancollich and Rieniand as collateral (wadsett). Evidence for the wadsett comes from a payment in 1721 of 40 Scots received from the Duke of Atholl as annual rent (interest) on 1,200 merks.

There is a note dated 1725 that Rienancollich and Rieniand, west of the wood of Killicrankie had a life tack granted by John, Duke of Atholl and dated 1st October 1719, with a yearly payment of 100 merks and six wedders. It was also noted that the former tack for 1,200 merks was still resting with him and that the interest on the loan offset some of this annual payment.

Thomas McKenzie seems to have died in 1729 as the Duke redeemed the wadsett in that year, paying 120 Scots to Elspeth McKenzie, the widow of David McKenzie who had farmed Rieniand. A new tack was granted in 1730 to John McKenzie, eldest son of the deceased David McKenzie for 800 merks with tack duty, paid by Elisabeth McKenzie, John McKenzie's mother. It is probable that John was sixteen at the time, the minimum age for such a transaction to be carried out on his behalf. At the same time the Duke of Atholl gave Barbara Robertson, only child of John Robertson of Levadge, a tack for Levadge-more and half of Rinancoillach.

In 1735 John McKenzie was recorded as the tenant of Levadge-more for 2,200 merks, with a principal sum of 1,466 13s 4d Scots and an annual rent of 73 6s 8d Scots. This appears to have been the first attempt by the McKenzies of getting a foothold on the better agricultural land lower down in Glen Girnaig, but the Jacobite Rebellion brought this expansion to a sudden halt.

The 'Chronicles of Atholl and Tullibardine Families' mentions four McKenzies who were involved in the 1745/6 Rising. John McKenzie and Thomas McKenzie of Ruidh-nan-culloch (Rinancoillach) were lieutenants in the Jacobite army, as were their cousins John McKenzie of Ruidh-n-iand (Rieniand) and his brother Duncan. To what degree they were involved is difficult to say, but there is no record of them being captured nor having deserted as was the case with many of the other Atholl tenants. Both John and Duncan survived the carnage at Culloden, returned to the hills at the top of Glengirnaig, and hid until the Act of General Pardon was passed in June 1747. There is no mention of their brother Thomas being involved in the rising. He may have been too young to join the Jacobite army, or maybe it was prudent to have one member of the family still protecting the family property in Glen Girnaig. Whatever the reason, as soon as the John and Duncan were free to come out of hiding, all three brothers got married within days of each other, as recorded in the Moulin OPR.

Thomas McKenzie in this parish and Isabel Forbes in B(lair Atholl) parish being legally contracted, booked and proclaimed and no objection offered were married June 24th 1747.

Duncan McKenzie in Blair Atholl parish and Marjory Campbell in this parish being legally contracted, booked and proclaimed and no objection offered were married July 23rd 1747.

John McKenzie, Rigneand (Rieniand) and Christian Rotson (Robertson) in this parish being legally contracted, booked and proclaimed and no objection offered were married August 6th 1747.

The three marriages are also recorded in the Blair Atholl OPR, where some additional information is given.

Thomas McKenzie in Druid, Moulin parish and Isabel Forbes in Donavuilt of Clune, married June 30th 1747.

Duncan McKenzie in Cuilchruie and Marjory Campbell in Mualich-beg, married July 21st 1747.

John McKenzie in Rieniand and Christian Stewart, daughter to Balnacraig, Moulin, married August 6th 1747.

(The Blair Atholl registrar made an error in the name of John's bride, as she was Christian Robertson, daughter of Alexander Robertson, 3rd of Balnacraig.)

-

(Generation 2) The Family of David McKenzie and Elspeth McKenzies in Rieniand

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
John c1714 Christian Robertson 6 Aug 1747 Rieniand h. 1779
w.
Duncan c1717 Marjory Campbell 23 Jul 1747 Cuilchruie and
Tomvulin
h.
w.
Thomas c1720 Isabel Forbes 24 Jun 1747 Levadge-more h. Dec 1772
w. after 1775

So, by 1749 John McKenzie of Rieniand was back home employed as a forester, being instructed by the Duke of Atholl to seize all cows etc that wandered into the areas reserved for hunting.

Thomas McKenzie of Rinancoillach and John McKenzie of Rieniand are to seize all cows, horses, sheep, swine and goats found without the Seven Shielings boundary. And all within, before or after the usual shieling season.

Somehow John McKenzie had held on to Levadge-more as it is recorded that he paid 86 rent in 1750/51, and 90 in 1752 which included 4 for converted shearing(?). Now although John was the tenant having a bond and tack for Levadge-more, he seems to have been in partnership with his brother Thomas. All of the baptisms of John's children from 1748 until 1761 give their birthplaces as Rieniand, while Thomas's children were born at Levadge-more and Rinancoillach, and was not until 1753 that the rent for Levadge-more transferred to Thomas. John paid rent for Rieniand right up until 1768, when he seems to have died, as his sons David and Thomas appear to have the tack in their names from 1769 to 1773, probably held in trust by their mother. (However the Testament of Thomas McKenzie of Levadge-more might suggest otherwise).

John's son Thomas may have died from the fever which raged through the parish in 1773, as the rental for 1774 only mentions John's son David. Eventually the property was sold by the Duke to John Stewart of Urrard in 1786, and the records cease. David McKenzie may have remained as tenant to a new owner, or moved to other parts. At present, that is unknown.

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(Generation 3) The Family of John McKenzie and Christian Robertson in Rieniand

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
Ann 23 Jun 1748 . . Rieniand d.
Elspeth 4 Oct 1749 . . Rieniand d.
Mary 13 May 1756 . . Rieniand d.
David 1 Apr 1758 . . Rieniand d. after 1774
Thomas 3 Mar 1761 . . Rieniand d. 1773?

-

John's brother Duncan gave his place of residence as Cuilchruie when he married Marjory Campbell of Mualich-beg in 1747. Perhaps he was hiding there until the Act of General Pardon was ratified, or maybe he had an unwritten agreement with the Duke of Atholl. The circumstances are unclear, but being well up Glentilt had obvious advantages for a fugitive.

The first three children were born at Cuilchruie, but by 1756 the family had moved southwards to Tomvulin, which was also called Tomb Mhuillin of Tirinie (mhuillin being a mill, and the 'mh' in Gaelic being pronounced as a 'v')

(Generation 3) The Family of Duncan McKenzie and Marjory Campbell in Tomvulin

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
Isobel 19 Sep 1748 . . Cuilchruie h.
w.
Kenneth 15 Apr 1751 Elspeth Robertson
(Dauchinlialash)
30 Aug 1771 Balinluig
(of Strathgroy)
h.
w.
Elspeth 14 Jun 1753 . . Cuilchruie h.
w.
Janet 6 Apr 1756 . . Tomvulin h.
w.
Donald 30 Jan 1759 . . Tomvulin h.
w.
Ann 18 Oct 1762 . . Tomvulin h.
w.
Marjory 14 Sep 1765 . . Tomvulin h.
w.
Janet 28 Feb 1768 . . Tomvulin h.
w.

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(Generation 3) The Family of Thomas McKenzie and Isabel Forbes in Levadge-more

The last son Kenneth was the youngest of the three brothers, but seems to have had a sharp eye for business. When his uncle Donald McKenzie died in September 1737, leaving his widow Susan McGrigor alias Murray to look after their only child Kenneth (who was only days old), he stepped in to look after Kenneth's interests and had the details recorded by the Commissariot of Dunkeld.

The Testament dative and Inventory of the sums of money and debts which pertained to umquhile (deceased) Donald MacKenzie in Rinancoillach (at) the time of his decease which was in the month of September last by past. Faithfully made and given up by Thomas McKenzie, son of umquhile David McKenzie in Rinancoillach, nephew to the deceased and executor dative. Dative deceased to him for the behalf Kenneth McKenzie, only lawful child of the defunct, by the Commissariot of Dunkeld.

Firstly there is given up, pertaining and belonging to the said defunct, time foresaid of his decease, the goods and gear undersyn valued and estimated as follows: viz. Six piece of horse, young and old, priced in whole to one hundred and forty nine pounds, six shillings and eight pennies. Nine cows, young and old, estimated in whole to one hundred and thirteen pounds, six shillings and eight pennies. Forty six head of sheep, young and old, estimated in whole to one hundred and ten pounds, eight shillings. The whole household furniture, labouring instruments and body abulrieaments (?) estimated in whole to fifty pounds. Twelve bolls corn and straw at six pounds a boll and seventy two pounds. A small quantity of hay estimated at ten pounds, six shillings and eight pennies. Eighty four pounds Scots lying by the defunct at his death. A third of all which the relict (widow) has a right to.

Follows: debts resting to the defunct: Firstly, by John Stewart of Urrard, younger, the sum of two hundred and sixty pounds ... with rents (interest) and neccessary charges due by accepted bill. By the deceased Alexander Robertson in Faskally the sum of two hundred merks with rents and legal expenses due by bond. By Thomas McKenzie in Rinancoillach, as representing the deceased Thomas McKenzie, his grandfather, one hundred pounds Scots which the defunct advanced and paid on the said Thomas McKenzie elder his account(?). To Patrick McGlashan in Blair Mains fifteen pounds all Scots money as the price of a cow also resting by the said Thomas McKenzie of Rinancoillach as representing his said grandfather.

This testament was confirmed at Dunkeld the 15th November 1738 by Thomas Bisset, Commissary, and John McKenzie of Rieniand became bond cautioner ..... for the Executor and he became bound for his relief.

It would appear that Thomas 'banked' Kenneth McKenzie's inheritance in 1737, with George McKenzie who was a writer (lawyer) in Edinburgh and brother to Donald McKenzie of Dalmore. However Kenneth died in infancy during the '45 rebellion, or shortly afterwards, and Thomas again acted as executor for the estate, recording the outcome with the Commissariot of Dunkeld in 1748.

Kenneth McKenzie. The Testament dative and Inventory of the debts and sums of money which pertained and was resting to the deceased Kenneth McKenzie, lawful son of the deceased Donald McKenzie in Rienakeillach (at) the time of his decease which was in the month of (blank) 174( ). Truely made and given up by Thomas McKenzie in Rienakeilloch, executor dative, nearest in kin decerned to the said defunct by the Commissariot of Dunkeld upon the day and date of these present as the decreet dative following on an edict duly executed and endorsed in itself more fully.

Firstly, there is given up, resting to the said defunct, the time foresaid of his decease, the sum of three hundred merks Scots principal contained in a Bill guaranteed by Mr George MacKenzie, brother to Dalmore and Factor to the Earl of Aboyne, to the said defunct at least to (blank) for his use and behoof dated the (blank) day of (blank) 1737 or thereby. Item, the annual rent (interest) thereof, since the same fell due.

This testament was confirmed at Dunkeld the 24th day of November 1748 by James Bisset, commissary, and James McKenzie in Rinancoillach became cautioner for the executor.

The Commissariot confirmed Thomas as Kenneth's next of kin, but it is impossible to say whether Thomas was working for his own self-interest or on behalf of the extended McKenzie family. Either way he was adept at using the Courts to chase up small sums of money owing to the McKenzies. One example is the 1750 testament relating to Kenneth's father who had died in 1737.

This 1750 testament is basically a codicil to the 1738 testament as a sum of thirty three pounds Scots, contained in a bill granted by Andrew Drummond then of Drumaquhance, previously of Blacklaw had been payable at Martinmass 1713 to the deceased Donald MacKenzie in Rinancoillach. It carried five pounds Scots of penalty named through failure to pay and interest as written down in the Commissary Court Book of Dunkeld. However Letters of Horning had been issued against Andrew Drummond (he was publicly denounced as a person who had not paid his debts), and consequently the sums of money, interest and penalty had been cancelled out from the 1738 testament of the deceased Donald MacKenzie. The outstanding debt was now to be pursued with John McKenzie in Rinancoillach as cautioner, and Thomas McKenzie of Rinancoillach as the beneficiary.

Another example is the 1755 testament of Donald McKenzie. This shows that there had been a problem in redeeming the 200 merks Scots which had been lent to Alexander Robertson of Faskally and itemised in Donald McKenzie's testament of 1738.

The Testament dative and Inventory of the debts and sums of money which was resting to the umquhile Kenneth McKenzie, lawful son procreated betwixt the now deceased Donald McKenzie in Rinancoillach in the Parish of Blair Athole and Susan Murray his spouse. The time of his deceased which was in the month of (blank) 17(blank) freely made and given up by Thomas McKenzie in Levadge-more executor dative, nearest in kin discerned to the said defunct by the Commissary of Dunkeld upon the day and date of these ...... as the direct dative following upon an edict duly executed and endorsed in itself more fully ......

Firstly, there is given up, resting to the said umquhile Kenneth McKenzie, the sum of two hundred merks Scots principal said to be contained in a bond granted by the now deceased Alexander Robertson of Faskally to the said Donald MacKenzie bearing a penalty and which bond is fallen by or lost and to which the said Kenneth McKenzie had right, being the only child of the said Donald McKenzie. Item the whole rent (interest) resting thereon.

This testament was confirmed at Dunkeld, the fourteenth day of January 1755 before James Bisset, Commissary of Dunkeld, and Malcolm Forbes in Clunie-more became cautioner for the executor.

There seem to be some problems reconciling information recorded in these testaments. Firstly, Donald McKenzie's spouse is given as Susan Murray and not as Susan McGrigor, but it is probable that Murray was the alias being used by her family when the name of McGregor was proscribed.

The second problem is that this Thomas McKenzie appears to be the same one being mentioned in the previous testaments as nearest of kin to Kenneth McKenzie, but his dwelling place has changed from Rinancoillach to Levadge-more. Now, it so happens that there were two Thomas McKenzies at this time: one was married to Janet Robertson and the other was married to Isobel Forbes. The former had five children, all of whom were born at Rinancoillach. The latter had eight children and, although the second child was born at Rinancoillach, seven were born at Levadge. So, this raises the question as to which Thomas McKenzie is being mentioned in these testaments? The first son of Thomas McKenzie of Levadge was named David, the same name as the father of Thomas McKenzie of the testaments. Also Malcolm Forbes was cautioner for the 1755 testament, and Isobel Forbes was the wife of Thomas McKenzie of Levadge, but neither are conclusive proof.

The proof comes in the 1775 testament of Thomas McKenzie of Levadge which states that Thomas's son James died a month after his father. Now, both Thomas McKenzies had sons named James, but the 1775 testament mentions that towards the end, James was handling the family affairs for his father. Thomas McKenzie in Levadge died in December 1772 when his son James would have been aged 19. James, the son of Thomas McKenzie in Rinancoillach would have been 9 years old and incapable of handling his father's affairs.

This would suggest that the two Thomas McKenzies were probably cousins. Both initially lived at Rinancoillach, but the one who married Isobel Forbes from Donavuilt of Clune on 30th June 1747 was living at Druid, Glen Girnaig, at the time. Perhaps he was working as a general labourer as the first two children were born at Levadge and then Rinancoillach before returning to Levadge again in 1752. By this time he had inherited all the money from the first three testaments.

The year 1773 was disasterous for Blair Atholl parish and it is recorded that ...

... the fever still rages and is very infectious, brought in by the MacKenzies when visiting Dundee.

Before the fever abated Thomas McKenzie in Levadge-more and his son James were dead. James had been Thomas's last surviving child and upon his death in January 1773, the next of kin to inherit were Barbara Young and Margaret Young.

The testament of Thomas McKenzie (1775) is really an official record describing how his affairs were settled. Normally, James his son would have inherited everything, but with the death of James so soon after his father the family affairs were in a mess. There were outstanding bills to be paid, including rent for the farm to the Duke of Atholl, and consequently the Duke's Factor wound up Thomas McKenzie's estate and had the outcome recorded in the Commissariot Book of Dunkeld. There are really two parts. The first part outlines the debts and assets, while the second part records in detail the farm roup (sale of farm equipment and household effects).

The testament dative and inventory of the goods, gear, debts and sums of money which pertained and were resting to the deceased Thomas MacKenzie in Levadge-more (at) the time of his death, which was in the month of December 1772. Truely made and given up by James Stewart of Urrard, Factor for, and in (the) name of His Grace the Duke of Atholl, Robert Forbes in Donavuilt, Margaret Forbes in Markdow, Finlay Robertson, merchant in Blair, William Stewart, tacksman of the mill of Blair Atholl, Robert McCraw in Loin Coppagach, James Walker, merchant Perth, Donald Sim in Kinnaird, Messrs Cargill and McDuff, merchants in Dunkeld, Niel Stewart in Carrick, Charles Robertson in Balinluig, Strathtummel, Christian McGlashan in Levadge-more and Barbara Young, spouse to Malcolm Stewart in Levadge, and Margaret Young spouse to Alexander McDonald in Cnappaig and their said husbands for their interests. Enos dative discerned and confirmed to the said Isabel Young in Levadge, their sister germain all of who compunct. Enos dative those creditors discerned to the said deceased Thomas McKenzie the defunct by the Commissary of Dunkeld upon the 4th day of July last and that in payment to them in manner following viz:

To the said James Stewart of Urrard, as Factor for, and in name and behalf of John, Duke of Athole of 2 stirling as the balance of payment due by the said Thomas MacKenzie to said Duke for his possession of Levadge-more, for crops to 1772, and payable Martinmass thereafter and the 26th February then following. And of 5 said money as the rents (interest) thereof crops 1773 sown. The said possession for behalf of those creditors after his death, both which sums are ........

In payment to the said Robert Forbes of 10s 6d stirling for whisky furnished and ..... to the funeral of said Thomas MacKenzie and contained in a Decreet of Cognition obtained at his instance obtained before said Commissary on the 7th April 1774.

In payment to the said Robert Forbes of 1 10s stirling. Also for liquors furnished by him to said funeral with receipt of Niel Stewart at Bridge of Tilt who gave him said liquors.

And to the said Malcolm Forbes of 8s 4d stirling for liquors furnished by him to said funeral of James Mackenzie, the defunct's son, who died soon after him, and in his family had been manager of his father's affairs, with receipt of said Neil Stewart, Tilt.

And to the same Malcolm Stewart of 6s stirling for whisky furnished by him to the said Thomas MacKenzie while on sick-bed, and the like sum of 6s stirling for 6 bottles of whisky furnished to the said James MacKenzie when in that condition, and the relict's receipt and acknowledgement, and to said Malcolm Stewart, moreover, of 7s 6d stirling for said Thomas MacKenzie, his coffin and 5s stirling for the coffin of said James MacKenzie his son, paid out by him to Alexander Stewart, wright in Wester Craggan, for discharge.

In payment to Finlay Robertson, merchant in Blair Atholl, of 3s 3d stirling for 3 ells and a half of linen and half a perind (scented?) candle furnished to the said Thomas Mackenzie's funeral 8th December 1772. Also of 2s 6d stirling for neccessaries to the funeral of said James MacKenzie his son, 11th January 1773.

Also to the said Malcolm Forbes further of 4 3s 9d stirling being the price of 4 boll, 4 pecks corn and bear (barley) bought by him and sown in the defunct's land, Spring 1773. The year after his death, the crops and produce thereof being sold the Martinmass follows for behoof of his creditors. And to be confirmed for that purpose.

Also to him for behoof of Alexander Forbes in Markdou of 1 stirling for a boll of seed corn bought and furnished by him foresaid purpose and sown in the defunct's grounds foresaid and rouped as foresaid. And of 8s being the price of hay brought in for the horses that laboured the seed time of crops 1773, the defunct's fodder having fallen short.

Also to the said Finlay Robertson, likewise of 5s stirling for 4 lippies (about 2.3 litres) lintseed furnished by him and also sown in the defunct's foresaid possession time forsaid and sold off with the rest of the crops by roup for the behoof of the defunct's creditors as presented.

And in payment to them of the expenses of this present Commissariot, the same being paid out by them. And these primo loco (paid first).

And to the following creditors secundo loco et pari passu (paid secondly and equally), viz:

Payment (to) said William Stewart, tacksman of the Mill of Blair Atholl, of 2 5s stirling as the price of 6 firlots seed bear (barley) and 3 firlots seed oats furnished by him to the said Thomas McKenzie in Spring 1771, payable Martinmass thereafter contained in a Decreet of Cognition obtained at his instance before said Commissary upon the 8th day of March last year.

Also to him of 5 5s stirling contained in the said Thomas McKenzie's bill to him, the said William Stewart, dated the 8th December 1768, payable Martinmass then next.

Also to the said William Stewart of 23 Scots by the said Thomas McKenzie's bill to John McDonald, sometime in Achinruie(?) dated 8th July 1771 payable Martinmass then next deducting therefrom and annual interest thereupon 19 7s Scots paid thereof 30th November 1773 marked on said bill and endorsed by the said John McDonald to the said William Stewart for the balance.

In payment moreover of 5 5s stirling contained in a bill dated 24th February 1772 payable Martinmass then next, drawn by Donald McLauchlan in Croftnacroy upon and accepted by the said Thomas McKenzie the defunct and endorsed payable to the said William Stewart.

And payment further to said William Stewart of 6 6s 9d stirling by the said Thomas McKenzie's bill to Alexander Cameron in Balinluig dated 29th December 1769 payable Martinmass then next, endorsed to said William Stewart deducting therefrom and annual interest thereupon 18s stirling paid and marked on said bill.

Likewise in payment to the said William Stewart of 17s 7d stirling money by the said Thomas McKenzie his bill to the said Neil Stewart in Bridge of Tilt dated 19th April 1770 payable Martinmass then next, endorsed to the said William Stewart.

In payment also to the said William Stewart of 3 3s stirling by the said Thomas McKenzie, his bill to the said Charles Robertson late in (blank), now in Monzie, dated 10th September 1769 payable Martinmass thereafter, deducting therefrom and annual interest thereof 1 stirling paid 21st November 1767 and 5s stirling paid in March 1771 both marked on said bill and endorsed to the said William Stewart.

In payment, like manner, to said William Stewart of 23 14s Scots contained in said Thomas McKenzie the defunct's bill to Donald Young in Clune-more dated 20th May 1771, payable Martinmass then next, deducting therefrom and annual interest due thereon 15s stirling paid, receipt anno 1772 (and presumably endorsed to William Stewart).

In payment further to the said William Stewart of 21 Scots by the said Thomas McKenzie his bill to James Mustard in ..... dated 4th May 1772, payable Martinmass then next, deducting therefrom and annual interest thereon 4 stirling paid and received as marked on the back of said bill endorsed to the said William Stewart.

Likewise in payment to the said William Stewart of 25 merks Scots money by the said Thomas McKenzie his bill to James Campbell in .......-more dated 10th August 1770, payable Martinmass then next, deducting therefrom and annual interest thereon 10 Scots paid as marked on that bill endorsed to the said William Stewart.

In payment also to the said William Stewart of 4 7s 6d stirling contained in a bill accepted by said Thomas McKenzie and Donald Young in Clunemore conly(?) and sealy(?) dated 10th June 1768, payable to (by?) Alexander Stewart in Orchill deducting therefrom and annual interest thereon 3 5s stirling paid thereof as marked on the back of said bill. Endorsed to the said William Stewart.

And such like in payment to said William Stewart of 8s 3 pence stirling contained in a bill dated 23rd May 1772, drawn by Elspeth Cameron in Levadge-more upon and accepted by Thomas McKenzie and William Robertson in Dauchinlialash conly(?) and sealy(?) payable Martinmass 1771 deducting therefrom and annual interest thereon 4s 2d paid 1st March 1772 and also 10d marked on said bill endorsed to the said William Stewart.

In payment aforesaid to the said William Stewart of 24 Scots contained in said Thomas McKenzie his bill to Finlay Cameron in Dalshian dated 17th May 1772 payable Martinmass then next, endorsed to the said Wiliam Stewart.

In payment moreover to the said William Stewart of 57 Scots by the said Thomas McKenzie his bill to Janet Rotson (Robertson) servant to the late Mr Walter Stewart of Orchil, dated 4th April 1770, payable at Martinmass then next and endorsed to the said William Stewart.

And, in payment to the said William Stewart of 45 4s Scots contained in a bill dated 2nd July 1772 drawn by Charles Cattanach (McIntosh) in Sleach upon and accepted by the said defunct Thomas McKenzie and John Young in Auchinruie conly(?) and sealy(?) payable against Thursday next, and endorsed to the said William Stewart.

In payment to (by?) James Walker, merchant in Perth, of 4 9s stirling contained in a bill dated 7th August 1771, payable 1st November 1772, drawn by the said James Walker upon and accepted by the said Thomas McKenzie and Norman McKenzie in Levadge-more conly(?) and sealy(?).

In payment to said David Tucker(?), merchant in Dunkeld, of 2 10s 4d stirling by the said Thomas McKenzie's bill to him dated 22nd January 1772, payable the first day of March then next.

In payment to Robert McCraw in Loin Coppagach of one hundred merks Scots by the said Thomas McKenzie's bill to him, dated the 8th day of April 1771 payable 26th February 1772 deducted therefrom and annual interest thereon 80 merks Scots, paid thereof as marked on the bill.

In payment to the before designed Malcolm Forbes of 9 4s 8d stirling contained in a bill dated 5th March 1769 drawn by William Small, merchant in Perth, upon and accepted by the said Thomas McKenzie and John McKenzie conly(?) and sealy(?) payable Martinmass 1770. Endorsed to the said Malcolm Forbes.

In payment to Donald Sime in Kinnaird of 23 12s Scots contained in Thomas McKenzies's bill to him dated 24th April 1772, payable Martinmass then next.

In payment to (by?) Messrs Cargill, McDuff (and) Co. merchants in Dunkeld of 5 10s stirling contained in a bill dated 20th May 1772 drawn by them upon and accepted by John Forbes in Bridge of Aldclune, the said defunct Thomas McKenzie in Levadge-more and James McKenzie at Rinancoillach payable Candlemass then next protested for not payment and the testament of protest registered in the said Commissary Court books.

Item of 1 8s 9d stirling contained in another bill dated 18th August 1772 drawn by the said Messrs Cargill and McDuff upon and accepted by the said Thomas McKenzie, the defunct, and John McLaren, waulker in Milntown of Faskally conly(?) and sealy(?) payable Candlemass then next protested and registered as aforesaid.

Item of 19s stirling as the said Thomas McKenzie, his share, being the price of one boll oat meal as the balance of 2 3s 1d stirling for aneat(?) contained in a bill dated 18th August 1772 drawn by the said Cargill, McDuff and Co. and accepted by Isobel McIntosh, Elspeth Campbell and John Culbert in Dauchinlialash in Strathgroy and James McKenzie in Levadge-more, son and servant to the said Thomas McKenzie and for him and by Charles Rotson (Robertson) in Strathgroy conly(?) and sealy(?) payable Candlemass then next, protested and registered after deducting 1 3s 11d stirling of the said capital sum as ..... of the others ..... accepted for the ..... and received by them and paid as marked on said bill.

Item of 6s stirling as the expenses of the foresaid dilligences raised on these said three bills.

And in payment to the said Niel Stewart in Carrick of 1 stirling by the defunct's bill to him, payable Martinmass 1773.

And in payment to the sundry ..... as named of the annual interest of their ..... sum........are instructed by those bills and deducted since they severally fell due.

Moreover to the said William Stewart, tacksman of the Miln of Blair, of 2 5s stirling due by the defunct and contained in a Decreet of Cognition obtained at his instance before the said Commissariot on the 8th March 1774.

In payment and relief to Charles Rotson (Robertson) in Balinluig, Strathtumble of 18s 4d stirling for which he entered a confirmed bill of James McKenzie, the defunct's son, for behalf of the said Thomas McKenzie therefore, being the price of a boll of meal for the defunct's use, to Messrs Cargill and McDuff, merchants in Dunkeld, in August 1772, payable at Moulin Market there upon and contained in a Decreet of Cognition obtained at the said Charles Robertson's instance before the said Commissariot the 8th March 1774.

In payment to Christian McGlashan in Levadge-more of 2 stirling as the balance of harvest fees and of wages due by the defunct to her and contained in a Decreet obtained at her instance before the said Commissariot upon 22nd March foresaid.

In payment to Barbara Young, spouse to Malcolm Stewart in Levadge and Margaret Young, spouse to Alexander McDonald in Cnappaig and their said husbands for their interest, the sisters germain, and as confunct executors dative, being nearest in kin discerned to her upon the 25th September 1774 confirmed(?) of 33 Scots by the said James McKenzie his bill to the defunct, payable Perth, a year's annual interest thereof at Martinmass 1772.

The said year's annual interest and the annual interest of the sum since the foresaid term of payment to which they have right as executors discerned and confirmed to the said, contained in a Decreet of Cognition obtained at their instance before the said Commissariot upon the 23rd March 1774.

To the said Malcolm Stewart of 6s stirling for 6 stone of hay furnished the defunct and contained in said Decreet of Cognition and in payment to the said Malcolm Forbes and relief of 41 for which he gave bill with James McKenzie, the defunct's son to Duncan McKenzie in Craigdou in payment, payable to him of the defunct's bill of 5 stirling taken up by them and their own security aforesaid given in place thereof at Martinmass 1773 and annual interest since that term contained in the aforesaid Decreet of Cognition at his instance in the Decreet Dative forcoming on an edict dative executed and endorsed in itself more fully .....

There is given up pertaining and belonging to the said Thomas McKenzie, the time foresaid of his decease, the goods, gear and effects following as rouped and sold on the 8th May 1773. Likewise the persons undersign at the rates and prices after-mentioned viz:

Creels to Robert Forbes in Donavuilt at 7d
A pair of creels to Donald Fergusson in Little Lude at 7d
Wheel(?) to Donald Fergusson in Little Lude at 3d
Horse graith to Donald Fergusson in Little Lude at 10d
Horse graith to William Saunders in Kilmaveonaig at 1s 5d
Horse graith to Donald Fergusson at 1s 3d
Horse graith to Donald Fergusson at 7d
Creels to Donald Robertson in Keannamoin at 3d
Creels to John Forbes in Levadge at 3d
A firlot measure to John Forbes in Levadge at 6d
A stand to Donald Fergusson at 6s 6d
Trumpery to Malcolm Forbes in Markdow at 9d
A tub to Malcolm Forbes in Markdow at 1s 6d
A tub to Alexander Forbes in Markdow at 3s 6d
A baldyne to Donald Forbes in Keannamoin at 1s
A churn to Donald Forbes in Keannamoin at 6d
A churn to Alexander McKenzie in Balhulian(?) at 6d
A baldine to Alexander McKenzie in Balhulian(?) at 7d
Another to Alexander McKenzie in Balhulian(?) at 7d
Dishes to William Stewart, tacksman of the Mill of Blair, at 3d
A scoop to John Robertson in Riepnard(?) at 9d
Another dish to William Stewart at 5d
Dishes to William Saunders at 6d
Plates to Alexander Robertson in Blackpark at 2d
Another dish to William Stewart at 1s 9d
A swine sieve to Alexander Stewart in Park of Lude at 1s 2d
Two sieves to Jannet Cameron in Tomgulach at 1s 1d
Trumpery to Alexander Forbes at 9d
Old iron to Alexander Forbes at 9d
A pot to James McDonald in Tom of Kindrochit at 8s 10d
A saddle and bridle to Malcolm Forbes in Markdou at 4s 1d
A chest to Alexander McIntyre in Croftviatick at 8d
A chair to Alexander McIntyre at 2s 1d
A chair to William Stewart at Mill of Blair at 1s 7d
A chair to Duncan Cameron in Kilmaveonaig at 1s
A table to Mungo McLaren at Bridgend of Tilt at 8d
Two old guns to Donald Robertson in Sinigaig-more at 3s 3d
A bed to Malcolm Forbes in Markdow at 4s 1d
A sack(?) to William Stewart at Mill of Blair at 1s 7d
A ladder to Charles Robertson in Balinluig at 5d
A plough to Duncan Cameron in Kilmaveonaig at 6s 10d
A pair of harrows to Duncan Robertson in Croft of Lude at 11d
Two old cartwheels to Duncan Robertson in Croft of Lude at 2s
Two old cartwheels to Robert Forbes in Donavuilt at 2s 1d
A barn door to John Forbes in Levadge-more at 2s 6d
A door to Donald Robertson in Keannamoin at 11d
A door to John Cameron in Orchil-beg at 10d
A door to Alexander Forbes in Markdow at 11d
....... to Alexander Robertson in Blackpark at 6d
Timber to Donald Robertson in Keannamoin at 1s 9d
A door to Donald Robertson in Keannamoin at 1s
A bed to Mungo McLaren at Bridgend of Tilt at 11s
A partition with doors to Mungo McLaren at Bridgend of Tilt at 6s
A partition to the relict (widow) at 3s 9d
A bed to Alexander Shaw at Clune-beg at 12s
A chest to Donald Robertson in Sinigaig-more at 2s
A chest to the relict at 1s 8d
A sack(?) to Alexander Cameron in Balinluig at 1s 2d
Two chests to Alexander Forbes in Markdow at 8s 2d
A ladder to Alexander Forbes in Markdow at 9d
A ladder to Alexander Stewart at 9d
Creels to John Forbes in Levadge-more at 5d
A big (blank) to Alexander Stewart in Dauchinlialash at 3d

Ammount of the aforesaid articles ammounting to 6 1s 4d stirling money. There is further given up as rouped on the 8th May 1773 the following articles:

A horse to Niel Stewart in Carrick at 2 6s and for which he gave a bill payable Martinmass next.
Another horse to Donald Young in Clune-more at 1 1s 6d stirling and for which he and John Forbes in Markdow granted their joint bill payable Martinmass next.
Another horse to Donald Fraser in Levadge-more at 1 13s 4d stirling and for which he and Robert Forbes in Donavuilt granted their joint bill payable at martinmass aforesaid.
Another horse to Charles Robertson in Monzie at 2 15s 6d stirling and for which he granted bill payable at the term aforesaid.

There is likewise given up the defunct's crops of corns sold by parcels as after-mentioned upon the 14th day of October said year and sold in manner following. viz.

One lot or parcel to Charles Robertson in Balinluig of Strathgroy at 5 stirling and for which bill was granted, payable at said Martinmass then next.
Another parcel, the same, to Alexander Forbes in Markdow at 5 stirling and bill granted therefore payable as aforesaid.
Another, the same, to Donald McDougall in Carndessail at 5 stirling and bill granted for the same payable as aforesaid.
Another, the same, to Robert Forbes in Donavuilt at 5 stirling and payable at the terms afore-mentioned.
Another parcel of the said crop to John Forbes in Levadge-more at 10 stirling in duly payable in manner afore-mentioned.

Ammount including 3 stirling laying in Orrat's hands (Mr Stewart of Urrard) in full the rent is paid and herewith given up to 40 16s 1d stirling, the said crops. Moreover there is given up, rouped and sold as aforesaid:

A cow to Malcolm Forbes in Markdow at least valued at 2 10s stirling.
Twelve hoggs to Malcolm Forbes in Markdow valued 2 13s 4d stirling.
Eight sheep to Malcolm Forbes in Markdow valued 2 8s stirling.

And lastly given up and resting by John McKenzie in Rienand of 3 9s 6d stirling as the balance of a greater born by his bill to the defunct bearing date the 18th December 1764, payable at Martinmass then next and the annual interest theron.

Summary of Inventory VII=XVII=VII (7 17s 7d)

This Testament was confirmed at Dunkeld by Mr Thomas Bisset, Commissary, upon the 29th day of August 1775 and Patrick and Robert Stewarts in Toldunie became cautioners for the executory bond.

The Family of Thomas McKenzie and Isobel Forbes in Levadge-more

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
David 4 Jul 1748 . . Levadge d. by 1764
Elspeth 19 Sep 1750 . . Rinancoillach d. by 1772
James 24 Feb 1752 unmarried . Levadge-more d. Jan 1773
Bettie 5 Jan 1754 . . Levadge-more d. by 1772
John 3 Mar 1756 . . Levadge-more d. by 1772
Ann 17 Aug 1758 . . Levadge-more d. by 1772
David 25 Oct 1764 . . Levadge-more d. by 1772
Isabel 18 May 1767 . . Levadge-more d. by 1772

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