The Family of Alexander McKenzie in Rinancoillach (Reinakyllich), Glen Girnaig

Rinancoillach

The ruins of Rinancoillach (Reinakyllich) in Glen Girnaig, with Carn Liath beyond

Alexander McKenzie was the son of Thomas McKenzie, forester in Rinancoillach, who had a life tack (lease) granted by John, Duke of Atholl and dated 1st October 1719, with a yearly payment of 100 merks and six wedders. It was also noted that the former tack for 1,200 merks, from 1715, was still resting with him and that the interest on the loan offset some of this annual payment.

In 1729 a new tack was given by the Duke of Atholl to Beatrix Robertson, widow of the late Alexander McKenzie, son of Thomas McKenzie in Rienaceallach, for half of Rienaceallach and Rieniand, currently held by her father-in-law. This seems to indicate that Thomas McKenzie's health was failing and if he died the life tack on Rinancoillach would terminate. Normally a son would take up his father's tack, but Alexander had died unexpectedly leaving a widow with several childen still too young to take out the tack in their own right. So Beatrix had taken out the tack on their behalf.

Thomas McKenzie seems to have died in 1729 as the Duke redeemed the wadsett in that year, paying 120 Scots to Beatrix Robertson and a similar sum to Elspeth McKenzie, the widow of David McKenzie who had farmed Rieniand. So the repayment seems to have been split equally between Rinancoillach and Rieniand rather than between Thomas's children as neither Donald McKenzie nor his sister were mentioned.

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(Generation 1) The Family of Thomas McKenzie, forester at Rinancoillach

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
David c1680 Elspeth McKenzie c1720 Rieniand h. 1729
w. after 1735
Alexander c1682 Beatrix Robertson . Rinancoillach h. c1724
w. after 1735
Donald c1685 Susan McGregor,
alias Murray
18 Aug 1736 Rinancoillach h. Sep 1737
w. after 1738
female . . . Rinancoillach d.

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(Generation 2) The Family of Alexander McKenzie and Beatrix Robertson in Rinancoillach

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
Thomas . Janet Robertson 30 Jul 1747 Rinancoillach h.
w.
Ann . Donald Robertson 2 Feb 1749 Seanbhaile and
Croftcronbie
h.
w.
John . . . Rinancoillach d. after 1745
James . Christian Stewart 15 Mar 1753 Rinancoillach h.
w.
Alexander . Helen Robertson 7 Dec 1758 Inverslainie h.
w.

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The 'Chronicles of Atholl and Tullibardine Families' mention that John MacKenzie and Thomas MacKenzie of Ruidh-nan-culloch (Rinancoillach) were lieutenants in the Jacobite army, and these must have been Alexander's sons. Thomas was probably the elder, named after his grandfather and having the tack for part of Dauchinlialash in his name. After the Act of General Pardon in June 1747 he was able to come out of hiding and married Janet Robertson, the third daughter of John Robertson in Lettoch, Moulin parish. It is interesting to note that his cousins, who likewise were involved in the '45 Rising, also got married at this time.

(Generation 3) The Family of Thomas McKenzie and Janet Robertson in Rinancoillach

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
Alexander 2 Jul 1748 Elspeth McKenzie 15 Sep 1774 Rinancoillach h.
w.
Isobel 14 Oct 1750 died in infancy . Rinancoillach d. by 1752
Isobel 25 Oct 1752 Donald McDonald 15 Sep 1774 Rinancoillach h.
w.
Beatrice 20 Feb 1755 . . Rinancoillach d.
James 13 Sep 1763 . . Rinancoillach d.

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Thomas's son Alexander married Elspeth McKenzie, the daughter of Robert McKenzie in Blairgowrie.

(Generation 4) The Family of Alexander McKenzie and Elspeth McKenzie in Rinancoillach

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
Thomas 6 Jan 1776 . . Rinancoillach d.
Beatrix 1 Jul 1780 . . Rinancoillach d.
David 17 Apr 1783 . . Rinancoillach d.

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Thomas's daughter Isobel married Donald McDonald from Glenfernate.

(Generation 4) The Family of Donald McDonald of Glenfernate and Isobel McKenzie

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
John 18 Mar 1777 . . Rinancoillach d.

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Alexander's daughter Ann married Donald Robertson from Seanbhaile of Glentilt. The family moved to Croftcrombie between 1750 and 1752. (see Patrick Lamont/McGilliwie in Loin Conlach)

(Generation 3) The Family of Donald Robertson and Ann McKenzie in Seanbhaile of Glentilt

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
James 12 Aug 1750 Beatrice or Betty
McKenzie (cousin)
14 Mar 1776 Seanbhaile h.
w.
Beatrice 15 Dec 1752 John Gow
(Cuiltvuick)
22 Feb 1774 Croftcrombie h.
w.

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Donald Robertson's son James married his cousin Beatrice, or Betty, the daughter of James McKenzie and Christian Stewart in Rinancoillach. Initially the family lived at Croftcrombie, but in 1790 they moved to Tomgoulach in Moulin parish.

(Generation 4) The Family of James Robertson and Beatrice McKenzie in Croftcrombie

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
Donald 5 Oct 1777 . . Croftcrombie d.
Ann 20 Jul 1779 . . Croftcrombie d.
James 13 Feb 1783 . . Croftcrombie d. by 1792
Beatrice 4 May 1785 . . Croftcrombie d.
Janet 29 Jul 1787 . . Croftcrombie d.
Alexander 2 May 1790 . . late Croftcrombie,
now Tomgoulach
d.
James 23 Sep 1792 . . Tomgoulach, Moulin d.

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(Generation 2) John McKenzie in Rinancoillach

The 'Chronicles of Atholl and Tullibardine Families' mention that John MacKenzie of Ruidh-nan-culloch (Rinancoillach) was a lieutenant in the Jacobite army during the 1745/6 Rising, but does not mention what happened to him. Perhaps, like so many others, he died at Culloden but it would be nice to think that perhaps he survived and lived to tell of daring deeds and lost causes in his old age.

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Alexander's son James married Christian Stewart who lived at Bridgend of Bruar.

(Generation 3) The Family of James McKenzie and Christian Stewart in Rinancoillach

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
Beatrice
(Betty)
18 Feb 1754 James Robertson (cousin) 14 Mar 1776 Croftcrombie
and Tomgoulach
h.
w.
Alexander 1 Apr 1756 Isabel Stewart c1792 Cnappaig
and Balnald
h.
w.
Marjory 12 Apr 1759 Alexander McLaren 4 Dec 1778 Riephicair h. 1779
w.
Janet 12 Apr 1762 Robert Stewart 24 Dec 1785 Toldunie h. 1790-91
w.
William 18 Oct 1764 Jean Stewart 15 Mar 1799 Rinancoillach h. by 1856
w. after 1856
Thomas 1 Jul 1767 Girsel (Grace) Stewart c1798 Tombeithe h.
w.
Isabel 15 Sep 1769 Finlay Robertson 7 Dec 1793 Drumnanagnach h.
w. by 1797

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James's son Alexander married Isabel Stewart around 1792, but no marriage entry has been found at present. The Blair Atholl OPR gives Rinancoillach as the place of birth for all of the children, but the annual rental for parts of Cnappaig and Balnald of Clune dates back to 1790. This give the impression that, although the family were actually living at Cnappaig or Balnald, it was being stated that these were McKenzies from Rinancoillach.

Alexander's annual rent for Balnald from 1790 until 1800 was 5 and 2 poultry, but in 1802 the new Factor increased this to 11. By 1820 the Factor was complaining that Alexander was unable to keep the farm properly and that it should be let to someone else. However, Alexander was still the tenant in 1823, and described by the Factor as "litigatious and worthless". Alexander's son William was offering 40 as rental for 2 years in 1825 and the census shows that widow Isabel and her sons Alexander and William were still farming Balnald in 1841.

(Generation 4) The Family of Alexander McKenzie and Isabel Stewart in Rinancoillach

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
Christian 31 Mar 1793 Niel Stewart 17 Feb 1828 Craggan h. by 1851
w. after 1851
Isabel 5 Apr 1797 James Robertson 15 Apr 1834 Kincraigie h. by 1851
w. 13 Feb 1856
Alexander 5 Apr 1799 unmarried . saw-miller,
Balintoul
d. 7 Nov 1869
Betty (Beatrice?) 1 Jan 1802 . . . d.
Marjory (Mary) 1 Jan 1804 James McKenzie,
(cousin)
1 Apr 1838 Middleton of
Duntaulich
h. 9 Apr 1856
w. after 1856
Janet 1 Mar 1806 . . . d.
Ann 3 May 1808 . . . d.
William 6 Jan 1810 . . Balintoul d. 4 Nov 1851

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Alexander's daughter Christian married Niel Stewart in Craggan. The 1851 census for Craggan shows that Christian was a widow, farming 6 acres with her son John, a pupil teacher.

(Generation 5) The Family of Niel Stewart and Christian McKenzie in Craggan

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
Isabel 3 Jun 1830 . . Craggan d.
John 27 Aug 1832 . . Craggan d. after 1851

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Alexander's daughter Isabel married James Robertson in Kincraigie. She was working at Urrard, Moulin parish, at the time.

(Generation 5) The Family of James Robertson and Isobel McKenzie in Kincraigie

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
James 20 Sep 1837 . . Kincraigie d.

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Alexander's daughter Marjory, who was also known as Mary, married her cousin James McKenzie in Duntaulich. In the 1851 census for Middleton, there is mentioned Isabel Hill, 13 year old neice, scholar, born in Dull parish.

(Generation 5) The Family of James McKenzie and Marjory McKenzie in Duntaulich

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
Isabella 26 Nov 1840 . . Middleton of
Duntaulich
d. after 1851
Alexander 28 Jan 1846 . . Middleton of
Duntaulich
d. after 1851

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James's daughter Marjory married Alexander McLaren in Riephicair on 4th December 1778, but he died the following year and the baptism of their daughter Christian was sponsored by his brother Robert McLaren in Loin-Conlach.

(Generation 4) The Family of Alexander McLaren and Marjory McKenzie in Riephicair

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
Christian 25 Dec 1779 . . Riephicair d.

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James's daughter Janet married Robert Stewart in Toldunie on 24th December 1785. Robert died 1790/1 and the baptism of their son Patrick was sponsored by John Robertson in Mill of Kincraigie.

(Generation 4) The Family of Robert Stewart and Janet McKenzie in Toldunie

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
Patrick 1 Jul 1791 . . Toldunie d.

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James's son William married Jean Stewart from Nether Orchil, Moulin parish. The couple had at least eight children, but only four baptisms are recorded in the Blair Atholl OPR. The other children have been identified from parentage information on death certificates, so there may be other children as yet unfound.

(Generation 4) The Family of William McKenzie and Jean Stewart in Rinancoillach

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
James 5 Dec 1799 Marjory (Mary)
McKenzie (cousin)
1 Apr 1838 Middleton of
Duntaulich
h. 9 Apr 1856
w. after 1856
Christian 13 Feb 1802 Alexander Stewart? 21 Sep 1823? Runroy? h. 2 May 1862
w. 4 Jun 1886
John c1804 1 Christian Robertson
2 Grace McKenzie (cousin)
7 Dec 1844

20 Feb 1848
Rinancoillach h. 28 Apr 1856
1w. by 1848
2w. 1892?
Alexander 11 Dec 1806 . . Rinancoillach d.
Thomas 16 Aug 1809 unmarried
butler
. Dundavie d. 9 Apr 1880
Peter c1816 Betsy Lamont 1862 Tomnaguie h. 24 Apr 1889
w. 11 Jun 1896
William c1820 Christian McKenzie
(2nd cousin)
27 Jul 1860,
Perth
Dundavie h. 6 Apr 1882
w. after 1882
Eliza c1822 unmarried . Tomnaguie d. after 1871

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Alexander Stewart and Christian McKenzie in Runroy

William's daughter Christian probably married Alexander Stewart in Runroy on 23rd September 1823, but there is a shadow of doubt. She is of the right age, but gave her residence as Kirkton of Lude at the time of her marriage. Likewise her death certificate gives her father as William McKenzie, farmer, deceased, which would be correct, but her mother is given as Elizabeth Stewart, not Jean (Jane) Stewart. On the positive side she was buried close to the Rinancoillach McKenzies and McBeaths in St Brides, Old Blair.

The memorial stone of Alexander Stewart in Runroy Erected by
William Stewart
in memory of his father
Alexander Stewart
who died at Runroy 2nd May 1862 aged 81
and his mother
Christian McKenzie
who died there 4th June 1886 aged 87
and his brother
Alexander
who also died there 31st August 1868
aged 36
and his sister
Elizabeth
who died at Runroy 11th November 1896
aged 68
and his son
William
who died 25th April 1924
aged 80

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(Generation 5) The Family of Alexander Stewart and Christian McKenzie in Runroy

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
Elizabeth 4 Sep 1825 . . Runroy d. 11 Nov 1896
James 8 Dec 1828 . . Runroy d.
Alexander 11 Nov 1831 . . Runroy d. 31 Aug 1868
William 10 Aug 1843 . . Runroy d. 25 Apr 1924

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William's son John married Christian Robertson from Bruar on 7th December 1844, but she soon died. His second wife was his cousin Grace McKenzie from Tombeithe (Tombea).

(Generation 5) The Family of John McKenzie and Grace McKenzie in Rinancoillach

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
Jane c1851 . . Rinancoillach d.

The Inventory of John's McKenzie's estate, which was given in by his widow then living in Tombea, amounted to 420 9s 4d Scots. It consisted of:
1 cash in the house;
61 0s 5d with the Central Bank of Scotland, Pitlochry;
56 12s 2d with the Commercial Bank of Scotland, Pitlochry;
51 9s 3d with the Perth Banking Co., Pitlochry;
7 5s 6d for household furniture, bed and table linen;
85 16s 0d for sheep;
157 6s 0d for farm stock and implements of husbandry sold by roup

Grace Mckenzie had a memorial stone for her husband erected at Old Blair (St Bride's) churchyard.

John McKenzies's Stone Erected by
Grace McKenzie
in memory of her beloved husband
John McKenzie
farmer Reinacoillach
who died on the 27th April 1856
aged 52 years

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Peter McKenzie and Betsy Lamont in Tom-na-gaoith (Tomnaguie)

In 1862 William's son Peter married Betsy Lamont, the daughter of Patrick McGilliwie or Lamont and Ann Gow of Loin Conlach.

When Ann Gow drew up her Last Will and Testament she insisted that her only daughter, Betsy, should receive thirty pounds stirling. This was a large sum of money and guaranteed her some independence.

1871 census for Tom-na-gaoithe

Dwelling Name Related Status Age Occupation Birthplace
Tomnaguie Peter McKenzie head marr 55y farmer of 11 acres Blair Atholl
Betsy McKenzie wife marr 41y Blair Atholl
Eliza McKenzie sister u/m 41y Blair Atholl
May McKenzie servant u/m 14y ag. labourer Kingussie

1881 census for Tom-na-gaoithe

Dwelling Name Related Status Age Occupation Birthplace
Tom-na-gaoithe Peter McKenzie head marr 67y farmer of 20 acres Moulin
Betsy McKenzie
(Lawson)*
wife marr 60y Tenandry
Isabella McLachlan servant u/m 16y Blair Atholl

* 'Lawson' is a mistake for 'Lamont'.

Peter died in 1889 and was buried at Old Blair (St Bride's) churchyard with the rest of the McKenzies.

Peter McKenzies's Stone To the memory of
Peter MacKenzie
son of Wm. MacKenzie, Ruidh-nan-coillach
for many years
tenant of Tom-na-gaoith
who died at Alltclune 24th April 1889
aged 77 years

This stone was placed by
his sorrowing wife
Betsy Lamont

Betsy died on the 11th June 1896 at Fender Bridge.

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William's son William married Christian McKenzie, his 2nd cousin from Easter Kindrochit but, instead of marrying at the parish church in Blair Atholl, they had the ceremony carried out in Perth on 27th July 1860. They were staying at Blue Bell Close, Perth, and the witnesses were John Reid and D. Robertson.

1861 census needed. Were they in Dundavie?

(Generation 5) The Family of William McKenzie and Christian McKenzie in Dundavie

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
Margaret c1862 . . Dundavie d.

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Thomas McKenzie and Girsel Stewart of Tombeithe (Tombea)

James's son Thomas married Girsel (Grace) Stewart before 1800, but the marriage date and her parentage are unknown.

Around 1820 it was decided to combine the leases of Tombeithe and Pitdornie on the south side of the River Garry, and in 1822 they were leased to ... McLauchlan and J. McKenzie (James?). The following year they were given a 15 year lease for the joint property.

In 1842 the Factor reported that the rent was 17 in arrears, but that Thomas McKenzie was "a good man" and had paid his share, while McLauchlan was to blame for the arrears. The 1841 census shows that Thomas McKenzie was quite old by that time.

1841 census for Tombeithe

Dwelling Name Age Occupation Birthplace
Tombea Thomas McKenzie 73y farmer Perthshire
Donald McKenzie 32y farmer Perthshire

1851 census for Tombeithe

Dwelling Name Related Status Age Occupation Birthplace
Tombea Thomas McKenzie head widower 83y farmer of 100 acres Blair Atholl
Donald McKenzie son u/m 45y farmer's son Moulin
Christian McKenzie neice u/m 20y house servant Dull
John McKenzie servant u/m 16y farm labourer Blair Atholl
Thomas Robertson nephew u/m 14y scholar Blair Atholl

Donald McKenzie must have helped the enumerator fill in the census form, as he is the uncle of Christian McKenzie and Thomas Robertson.

John McKenzie is probably the son of Robert McKenzie and Grace Stewart in Ardtulichan, who was born 10th May 1834.

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(Generation 4) The Family of Thomas McKenzie and Girsel Stewart in Rinancoillach and Tombeithe (Tombea)

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
James c1800 Margaret Stewart c1830 Easter
Kindrochit
h. 25 May 1876
w. 18 Feb 1877
Christian 22 May 1803 Duncan Robertson 7 Jan 1827 Struan h.
w.
Donald 1806-9 Elizabeth Stewart 21 Dec 1855 Tombeithe
(Tombea)
h. 27 Nov 1887
w. 14 Aug 1910
Betty (Betsy) 2 Dec 1807 Duncan Stewart 1 Sep 1833 Ardtulichan h. 1883
w. 23 May 1890
Grace c1816 John McKenzie
(cousin)
20 Feb 1848 Rinancoillach h. 27 Apr 1856
w.

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James McKenzie and Margaret Stewart of Easter Kindrochit

Thomas's son James married Margaret Stewart, the daughter of Neil Stewart and Margaret Robertson, but the date of the marriage is unknown.

The Blair Atholl OPR states that all of the children were born at Tombeithe although the family were living at (Easter) Kindrochit.

1851 census for Easter Kindrochit

Dwelling Name Related Status Age Occupation Birthplace
Easter
Kindrochit
James McKenzie head marr 48y farmer of
13 acres
Moulin
Margaret McKenzie wife marr 47y Dull
Grace McKenzie dau u/m 17y Blair Atholl
Thomas McKenzie son u/m 15y Blair Atholl
Jane McKenzie dau u/m 10y scholar Blair Atholl
Niel McKenzie dau u/m 8y scholar Blair Atholl

The eldest daughter, Christian McKenzie, was a house servant for William McKenzie at Tombea in 1851.

James McKenzie died in 1876 and was buried at St Brides in Old Blair.

James McKenzies's Stone 1877
Erected to the memory of
James MacKenzie
farmer, Easter Kindrochit
who died 25th May 1876
aged 76 years
Also of Margaret Stewart his wife
who died 18th February 1877
aged 75 years
And of their grand-daughter
Margaret MacCallum
who died 1st November 1872
aged 3 years 8 months
Also Neil Stewart McKenzie
land steward who died at Drumlanrig
15th October 1896 aged 55 years
Also Thomas McKenzie, Kindrochit
who died 2nd May 1911 aged 75 years
Also Grace McCallum, Bruar
who died 8th November 1917
aged 84 years

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(Generation 5) The Family of James McKenzie and Margaret Stewart of Easter Kindrochit

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
Christian 3 Nov 1830 William McKenzie
(2nd cousin)
27 Jul 1860 Dundavie h.
w.
Grace 16 Apr 1833 James McCallum 1867 Bruar h.
w. 8 Nov 1917
Thomas 13 Sep 1835 unmarried . Easter
Kindrochit
d. 2 May 1911
Jane 20 May 1840 . . Easter
Kindrochit
h.
w.
Niel 12 Jan 1843 unmarried . Drumlanrig d. 15 Oct 1898

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(Generation 6) The Family of James McCallum and Grace McKenzie in Bruar

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
Margaret Mar 1869 died in
infancy
. Bruar d. 1 Nov 1872

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Thomas's daughter Christian married Duncan Robertson, the blacksmith in Struan, on 7th January 1827.

(Generation 5) The Family of Duncan Robertson and Christian McKenzie in Struan

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
Grace 1 Jul 1831 . . Struan d.
John 1 Aug 1832 . . Struan d.
Thomas 2 Mar 1836 . . Struan d.
Helen 4 Oct 1838 . . Struan d.
Christian 4 Jul 1844 . . Struan d.
Duncan 8 Jan 1847 . . Struan d.

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Thomas's son Donald married his second cousin Elizabeth Stewart on 21st December 1855 at Croftgowan, Fincastle. She gave her usual residence as Tombea, where she was working as a servant. She was the daughter of Alexander Stewart, labourer in Croftgowan, and Isabella MacKenzie and was born 17th June 1835 at the Mains of Fincastle, meaning that she was 20 years old and not 27 as written on the marriage certificate. Perhaps, the fact that her husband was 48 may have been an influence. The marriage was witnessed by Robert Stewart, labourer, and John Stewart, labourer. The latter may have been her brother who was born 3rd August 1826.

(Generation 5) The Family of Donald McKenzie and Elizabeth Stewart in Tombeithe (Tombea)

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
Thomas 1856 . . Tombea d. 1942
Alexander 1858 . . Tombea d. 1894
Donald 1861 . . Tombea d. 1890
James 1862 . . Tombea d. 1944
Grace 1863 . . Tombea d. 1950
John 1864 . . Tombea d. 1943
Robert 1868 . . Tombea d. 1886
Eliza 1873 . . Tombea d. 1876

There is a memorial stone to Donald McKenzie and his family in the churchyard of St Brides in Old Blair.

Memorial stone of Donald McKenzies of Tombeithe, Killiecrankie 1877
Loving memory of
Donald MacKenzie
Tombeithe, Killicrankie
died 27th November 1887 aged 82 years
and his wife Elizabeth Stewart his wife
who died 14th Augusty 1910
aged 80 years
Also their family
Elizabeth died 1876 aged 3 years
Robert died 1886 aged 18 years
Donald died 1890 aged 29 years
Alexander died 1894 aged 36 years
Thomas died 1942 aged 66 years
John died 1943 aged 79 years
James died 1944 aged 82 years
Grace died 1950 aged 87 years

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Thomas's daughter Betty (Betsy) married Duncan Stewart, a farmer at Ardtulichan, on 1st September 1833.

(Generation 5) The Family of Duncan Stewart and Betty (Betsy) McKenzie in Ardtulichan

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
John 12 May 1837 Jessie Anderson Mains of
Bonskeid
h. 9 Apr 1888
w. 22 Mar 1920
Grace 9 Apr 1839 . . Ardtulichan d.
Donald 5 Nov 1843 . . Ardtulichan d.
Thomas 12 Aug 1846 . . Ardtulichan d.

There is a memorial stone to Duncan Stewart and his family in the churchyard of St Brides in Old Blair, which reads:

Ardtulichan Stuarts: D.S. 1883; John Stuart in Mains of Bonskeid, Pitlochry, 9th April 1888 aged 48; wife Jessie Anderson, 22nd March 1920 aged 91 (round top edge) Duncan Stuart 3rd march 1877

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Alexander's son Alexander married Helen Robertson from the village of Blair.

(Generation 3) The Family of Alexander McKenzie and Helen Robertson in Inverslainie

Name Born Married Date Residence Died
Donald 23 Sep 1759 . . Inverslainie d.

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