The Testament Dative and Inventory of Thomas McKenzie of Levadge-more, 1775

The testament of Thomas McKenzie (1775) is really an official record describing how his affairs were settled. Normally, James McKenzie his son would have inherited everything, but with the death of James so soon after his father the family affairs were in a mess. There were outstanding bills to be paid, including rent for the farm to the Duke of Atholl, and consequently the Duke's Factor wound up Thomas McKenzie's estate and had the outcome recorded in the Commissariot Book of Dunkeld. There are really two parts. The first part outlines the debts and assets, while the second part records in detail the farm roup (sale of farm equipment and household effects).

The testament dative and inventory of the goods, gear, debts and sums of money which pertained and were resting to the deceased Thomas MacKenzie in Levadge-more (at) the time of his death, which was in the month of December 1772. Truely made and given up by James Stewart of Urrard, Factor for, and in (the) name of His Grace the Duke of Atholl, Robert Forbes in Donavuilt, Margaret Forbes in Markdow, Finlay Robertson, merchant in Blair, William Stewart, tacksman of the mill of Blair Atholl, Robert McCraw in Loin Coppagach, James Walker, merchant Perth, Donald Sim in Kinnaird, Messrs Cargill and McDuff, merchants in Dunkeld, Niel Stewart in Carrick, Charles Robertson in Balinluig, Strathtummel, Christian McGlashan in Levadge-more and Barbara Young, spouse to Malcolm Stewart in Levadge, and Margaret Young spouse to Alexander McDonald in Cnappaig and their said husbands for their interests. Enos dative discerned and confirmed to the said Isabel Young in Levadge, their sister germain all of who compunct. Enos dative those creditors discerned to the said deceased Thomas McKenzie the defunct by the Commissary of Dunkeld upon the 4th day of July last and that in payment to them in manner following viz:

To the said James Stewart of Urrard, as Factor for, and in name and behalf of John, Duke of Athole of 2 Sterling as the balance of payment due by the said Thomas MacKenzie to said Duke for his possession of Levadge-more, for crops to 1772, and payable Martinmass thereafter and the 26th February then following. And of 5 said money as the rents (interest) thereof crops 1773 sown. The said possession for behalf of those creditors after his death, both which sums are ........

In payment to the said Robert Forbes of 10s 6d Sterling for whisky furnished and ..... to the funeral of said Thomas MacKenzie and contained in a Decreet of Cognition obtained at his instance obtained before said Commissary on the 7th April 1774.

In payment to the said Robert Forbes of 1 10s Sterling. Also for liquors furnished by him to said funeral with receipt of Niel Stewart at Bridge of Tilt who gave him said liquors.

And to the said Malcolm Forbes of 8s 4d Sterling for liquors furnished by him to said funeral of James Mackenzie, the defunct's son, who died soon after him, and in his family had been manager of his father's affairs, with receipt of said Neil Stewart, Tilt.

And to the same Malcolm Stewart of 6s Sterling for whisky furnished by him to the said Thomas MacKenzie while on sick-bed, and the like sum of 6s stirling for 6 bottles of whisky furnished to the said James MacKenzie when in that condition, and the relict's receipt and acknowledgement, and to said Malcolm Stewart, moreover, of 7s 6d Sterling for said Thomas MacKenzie, his coffin and 5s Sterling for the coffin of said James MacKenzie his son, paid out by him to Alexander Stewart, wright in Wester Craggan, for discharge.

In payment to Finlay Robertson, merchant in Blair Atholl, of 3s 3d Sterling for 3 ells and a half of linen and half a perind (scented?) candle furnished to the said Thomas Mackenzie's funeral 8th December 1772. Also of 2s 6d Sterling for neccessaries to the funeral of said James MacKenzie his son, 11th January 1773.

Also to the said Malcolm Forbes further of 4 3s 9d Sterling being the price of 4 boll, 4 pecks corn and bear (barley) bought by him and sown in the defunct's land, Spring 1773. The year after his death, the crops and produce thereof being sold the Martinmass follows for behoof of his creditors. And to be confirmed for that purpose.

Also to him for behoof of Alexander Forbes in Markdou of 1 Sterling for a boll of seed corn bought and furnished by him foresaid purpose and sown in the defunct's grounds foresaid and rouped as foresaid. And of 8s being the price of hay brought in for the horses that laboured the seed time of crops 1773, the defunct's fodder having fallen short.

Also to the said Finlay Robertson, likewise of 5s Sterling for 4 lippies (about 2.3 litres) lintseed furnished by him and also sown in the defunct's foresaid possession time forsaid and sold off with the rest of the crops by roup for the behoof of the defunct's creditors as presented.

And in payment to them of the expenses of this present Commissariot, the same being paid out by them. And these primo loco (paid first).

And to the following creditors secundo loco et pari passu (paid secondly and equally), viz:

Payment (to) said William Stewart, tacksman of the Mill of Blair Atholl, of 2 5s Sterling as the price of 6 firlots seed bear (barley) and 3 firlots seed oats furnished by him to the said Thomas McKenzie in Spring 1771, payable Martinmass thereafter contained in a Decreet of Cognition obtained at his instance before said Commissary upon the 8th day of March last year.

Also to him of 5 5s Sterling contained in the said Thomas McKenzie's bill to him, the said William Stewart, dated the 8th December 1768, payable Martinmass then next.

Also to the said William Stewart of 23 Scots by the said Thomas McKenzie's bill to John McDonald, sometime in Achinruie(?) dated 8th July 1771 payable Martinmass then next deducting therefrom and annual interest thereupon 19 7s Scots paid thereof 30th November 1773 marked on said bill and endorsed by the said John McDonald to the said William Stewart for the balance.

In payment moreover of 5 5s Sterling contained in a bill dated 24th February 1772 payable Martinmass then next, drawn by Donald McLauchlan in Croftnacroy(?) upon and accepted by the said Thomas McKenzie the defunct and endorsed payable to the said William Stewart.

And payment further to said William Stewart of 6 6s 9d Sterling by the said Thomas McKenzie's bill to Alexander Cameron in Balinluig dated 29th December 1769 payable Martinmass then next, endorsed to said William Stewart deducting therefrom and annual interest thereupon 18s Sterling paid and marked on said bill.

Likewise in payment to the said William Stewart of 17s 7d Sterling money by the said Thomas McKenzie his bill to the said Neil Stewart in Bridge of Tilt dated 19th April 1770 payable Martinmass then next, endorsed to the said William Stewart.

In payment also to the said William Stewart of 3 3s Sterling by the said Thomas McKenzie, his bill to the said Charles Robertson late in (blank), now in Monzie, dated 10th September 1769 payable Martinmass thereafter, deductin therefrom and annual interest thereof 1 Sterling paid 21st November 1767 and 5s Sterling paid in March 1771 both marked on said bill and endorsed to the said William Stewart.

In payment, like manner, to said William Stewart of 23 14s Scots contained in said Thomas McKenzie the defunct's bill to Donald Young in Clune-more dated 20th May 1771, payable Martinmass then next, deducting therefrom and annual interest due thereon 15s Sterling paid, receipt anno 1772 (and presumably endorsed to William Stewart).

In payment further to the said William Stewart of 21 Scots by the said Thomas McKenzie his bill to James Mustard in ..... dated 4th May 1772, payable Martinmass then next, deducting therefrom and annual interest thereon 4 Sterling paid and received as marked on the back of said bill endorsed to the said William Stewart.

Likewise in payment to the said William Stewart of 25 merks Scots money by the said Thomas McKenzie his bill to James Campbell in .......-more dated 10th August 1770, payable Martinmass then next, deducting therefrom and annual nterest thereon 10 Scots paid as marked on that bill endorsed to the said William Stewart.

In payment also to the said William Stewart of 4 7s 6d Sterling contained in a bill accepted by said Thomas McKenzie and Donald Young in Clunemore, conjunctly and severaly, dated 10th June 1768, payable to (by?) Alexander Stewart in Orchill deducting therefrom and annual interest thereon 3 5s Sterling paid thereof as marked on the back of said bill. Endorsed to the said William Stewart.

And such like in payment to said William Stewart of 8s 3 pence Sterling contained in a bill dated 23rd May 1772, drawn by Elspeth Cameron in Levadge-more upon and accepted by Thomas McKenzie and William Robertson in Dauchinlialash, conjunctly and severaly, payable Martinmass 1771 deducting therefrom and annual interest thereon 4s 2d paid 1st March 1772 and also 10d marked on said bill endorsed to the said William Stewart.

In payment aforesaid to the said William Stewart of 24 Scots contained in said Thomas McKenzie his bill to Finlay Cameron in Dalshian dated 17th May 1772 payable Martinmass then next, endorsed to the said William Stewart.

In payment moreover to the said William Stewart of 57 Scots by the said Thomas McKenzie his bill to Janet Rotson (Robertson) servant to the late Mr Walter Stewart of Orchil, dated 4th April 1770, payable at Martinmass then next and endorsed to the said William Stewart.

And, in payment to the said William Stewart of 45 4s Scots contained in a bill dated 2nd July 1772 drawn by Charles Cattanach (McIntosh) in Sleach upon and accepted by the said defunct Thomas McKenzie and John Young in Auchinruie, conjunctly and severaly, payable against Thursday next, and endorsed to the said William Stewart.

In payment to (by?) James Walker, merchant in Perth, of 4 9s Sterling contained in a bill dated 7th August 1771, payable 1st November 1772, drawn by the said James Walker upon and accepted by the said Thomas McKenzie and Norman McKenzie in Levadge-more, conjunctly and severaly.

In payment to said David Tucker(?), merchant in Dunkeld, of 2 10s 4d Sterling by the said Thomas McKenzie's bill to him dated 22nd January 1772, payable the first day of March then next.

In payment to Robert McCraw in Loin Coppagach of one hundred merks Scots by the said Thomas McKenzie's bill to him, dated the 8th day of April 1771 payable 26th February 1772 deducted therefrom and annual interest thereon 80 merks Scots, paid thereof as marked on the bill.

In payment to the before designed Malcolm Forbes of 9 4s 8d Sterling contained in a bill dated 5th March 1769 drawn by William Small, merchant in Perth, upon and accepted by the said Thomas McKenzie and John McKenzie, conjunctly and severaly, payable Martinmass 1770. Endorsed to the said Malcolm Forbes.

In payment to Donald Sime in Kinnaird of 23 12s Scots contained in Thomas McKenzies's bill to him dated 24th April 1772, payable Martinmass then next.

In payment to (by?) Messrs Cargill, McDuff (and) Co. merchants in Dunkeld of 5 10s Sterling contained in a bill dated 20th May 1772 drawn by them upon and accepted by John Forbes in Bridge of Aldclune, the said defunct Thomas McKenzie in Levadge-more and James McKenzie at Rinancoillach payable Candlemass then next protested for not payment and the testament of protest registered in the said Commissary Court books.

Item of 1 8s 9d Sterling contained in another bill dated 18th August 1772 drawn by the said Messrs Cargill and McDuff upon and accepted by the said Thomas McKenzie, the defunct, and John McLaren, waulker in Milntown of Faskally, conjunctly and severaly, payable Candlemass then next protested and registered as aforesaid.

Item of 19s Sterling as the said Thomas McKenzie, his share, being the price of one boll oat meal as the balance of 2 3s 1d Sterling for aneat(?) contained in a bill dated 18th August 1772 drawn by the said Cargill, McDuff and Co. and accepted by Isobel McIntosh, Elspeth Campbell and John Culbert in Dauchinlialash in Strathgroy and James McKenzie in Levadge-more, son and servant to the said Thomas McKenzie and for him and by Charles Rotson (Robertson) in Strathgroy, conjunctly and severaly, payable Candlemass then next, protested and registered after deducting 1 3s 11d Sterling of the said capital sum as ..... of the others ..... accepted for the ..... and received by them and paid as marked on said bill.

Item of 6s Sterling as the expenses of the foresaid dilligences raised on these said three bills.

And in payment to the said Niel Stewart in Carrick of 1 Sterling by the defunct's bill to him, payable Martinmass 1773.

And in payment to the sundry ..... as named of the annual interest of their ..... sum........are instructed by those bills and deducted since they severally fell due.

Moreover to the said William Stewart, tacksman of the Miln of Blair, of 2 5s Sterling due by the defunct and contained in a Decreet of Cognition obtained at his instance before the said Commissariot on the 8th March 1774.

In payment and relief to Charles Rotson (Robertson) in Balinluig, Strathtumble of 18s 4d Sterling for which he entered a confirmed bill of James McKenzie, the defunct's son, for behalf of the said Thomas McKenzie therefore, being the price of a boll of meal for the defunct's use, to Messrs Cargill and McDuff, merchants in Dunkeld, in August 1772, payable at Moulin Market there upon and contained in a Decreet of Cognition obtained at the said Charles Robertson's instance before the said Commissariot the 8th March 1774.

In payment to Christian McGlashan in Levadge-more of 2 Sterling as the balance of harvest fees and of wages due by the defunct to her and contained in a Decreet obtained at her instance before the said Commissariot upon 22nd March foresaid.

In payment to Barbara Young, spouse to Malcolm Stewart in Levadge and Margaret Young, spouse to Alexander McDonald in Cnappaig and their said husbands for their interest, the sisters germain, and as confunct executors dative, being nearest in kin discerned to her upon the 25th September 1774 confirmed(?) of 33 Scots by the said James McKenzie his bill to the defunct, payable Perth, a year's annual interest thereof at Martinmass 1772.

The said year's annual interest and the annual interest of the sum since the foresaid term of payment to which they have right as executors discerned and confirmed to the said, contained in a Decreet of Cognition obtained at their instance before the said Commissariot upon the 23rd March 1774.

To the said Malcolm Stewart of 6s Sterling for 6 stone of hay furnished the defunct and contained in said Decreet of Cognition and in payment to the said Malcolm Forbes and relief of 41 for which he gave bill with James McKenzie, the defunct's son to Duncan McKenzie in Craigdou in payment, payable to him of the defunct's bill of 5 Sterling taken up by them and their own security aforesaid given in place thereof at Martinmass 1773 and annual interest since that term contained in the aforesaid Decreet of Cognition at his instance in the Decreet Dative forcoming on an edict dative executed and endorsed in itself more fully bears

There is given up pertaining and belonging to the said Thomas McKenzie, the time foresaid of his decease, the goods, gear and effects following as rouped and sold on the 8th May 1773. Likewise the persons undersign at the rates and prices after-mentioned viz:

Creels to Robert Forbes in Donavuilt at 7d
A pair of creels to Donald Fergusson in Little Lude at 7d
Wheel(?) to Donald Fergusson in Little Lude at 3d
Horse graith to Donald Fergusson in Little Lude at 10d
Horse graith to William Saunders in Kilmaveonaig at 1s 5d
Horse graith to Donald Fergusson at 1s 3d
Horse graith to Donald Fergusson at 7d
Creels to Donald Robertson in Keannamoin at 3d
Creels to John Forbes in Levadge at 3d
A firlot measure to John Forbes in Levadge at 6d
A stand to Donald Fergusson at 6s 6d
Trumpery to Malcolm Forbes in Markdow at 9d
A tub to Malcolm Forbes in Markdow at 1s 6d
A tub to Alexander Forbes in Markdow at 3s 6d
A baldyne to Donald Forbes in Keannamoin at 1s
A churn to Donald Forbes in Keannamoin at 6d
A churn to Alexander McKenzie in Balhulian at 6d
A baldine to Alexander McKenzie in Balhulian at 7d
Another to Alexander McKenzie in Balhulian at 7d
Dishes to William Stewart, tacksman of the Mill of Blair, at 3d
A scoop to John Robertson in Riepnard(?) at 9d
Another dish to William Stewart at 5d
Dishes to William Saunders at 6d
Plates to Alexander Robertson in Blackpark (of Ceannamoin) at 2d
Another dish to William Stewart at 1s 9d
A swine sieve to Alexander Stewart in Park of Lude at 1s 2d
Two sieves to Jannet Cameron in Tomgulach at 1s 1d
Trumpery to Alexander Forbes at 9d
Old iron to Alexander Forbes at 9d
A pot to James McDonald in Tom of Kindrochit at 8s 10d
A saddle and bridle to Malcolm Forbes in Markdou at 4s 1d
A chest to Alexander McIntyre in Croftviatick at 8d
A chair to Alexander McIntyre at 2s 1d
A chair to William Stewart at Mill of Blair at 1s 7d
A chair to Duncan Cameron in Kilmaveonaig at 1s
A table to Mungo McLaren at Bridgend of Tilt at 8d
Two old guns to Donald Robertson in Sinigaig-more at 3s 3d
A bed to Malcolm Forbes in Markdow at 4s 1d
A sack(?) to William Stewart at Mill of Blair at 1s 7d
A ladder to Charles Robertson in Balinluig at 5d
A plough to Duncan Cameron in Kilmaveonaig at 6s 10d
A pair of harrows to Duncan Robertson in Croft of Lude at 11d
Two old cartwheels to Duncan Robertson in Croft of Lude at 2s
Two old cartwheels to Robert Forbes in Donavuilt at 2s 1d
A barn door to John Forbes in Levadge-more at 2s 6d
A door to Donald Robertson in Keannamoin at 11d
A door to John Cameron in Orchil-beg at 10d
A door to Alexander Forbes in Markdow at 11d
....... to Alexander Robertson in Blackpark at 6d
Timber to Donald Robertson in Keannamoin at 1s 9d
A door to Donald Robertson in Keannamoin at 1s
A bed to Mungo McLaren at Bridgend of Tilt at 11s
A partition with doors to Mungo McLaren at Bridgend of Tilt at 6s
A partition to the relict (widow) at 3s 9d
A bed to Alexander Shaw at Clune-beg at 12s
A chest to Donald Robertson in Sinigaig-more at 2s
A chest to the relict at 1s 8d
A sack(?) to Alexander Cameron in Balinluig at 1s 2d
Two chests to Alexander Forbes in Markdow at 8s 2d
A ladder to Alexander Forbes in Markdow at 9d
A ladder to Alexander Stewart at 9d
Creels to John Forbes in Levadge-more at 5d
A big (blank) to Alexander Stewart in Dauchinlialash at 3d

Ammount of the aforesaid articles ammounting to 6 1s 4d Sterling money. There is further given up as rouped on the 8th May 1773 the following articles:

A horse to Niel Stewart in Carrick at 2 6s and for which he gave a bill payable Martinmass next.
Another horse to Donald Young in Clune-more at 1 1s 6d Sterling and for which he and John Forbes in Markdow granted their joint bill payable Martinmass next.
Another horse to Donald Fraser in Levadge-more at 1 13s 4d Sterling and for which he and Robert Forbes in Donavuilt granted their joint bill payable at martinmass aforesaid.
Another horse to Charles Robertson in Monzie at 2 15s 6d Sterling and for which he granted bill payable at the term aforesaid.

There is likewise given up the defunct's crops of corns sold by parcels as after-mentioned upon the 14th day of October said year and sold in manner following. viz.

One lot or parcel to Charles Robertson in Balinluig of Strathgroy at 5 Sterling and for which bill was granted, payable at said Martinmass then next.
Another parcel, the same, to Alexander Forbes in Markdow at 5 Sterling and bill granted therefore payable as aforesaid.
Another, the same, to Donald McDougall in Carndessail at 5 Sterling and bill granted for the same payable as aforesaid.
Another, the same, to Robert Forbes in Donavuilt at 5 Sterling and payable at the terms afore-mentioned.
Another parcel of the said crop to John Forbes in Levadge-more at 10 Sterling in duly payable in manner afore-mentioned.

Ammount including 3 stirling laying in (Mr Stewart of Urrard) Orrat's hands in full the rent is paid and herewith given up to 40 16s 1d Sterling, the said crops. Moreover there is given up, rouped and sold as aforesaid:

A cow to Malcolm Forbes in Markdow at least valued at 2 10s Sterling.
Twelve hoggs to Malcolm Forbes in Markdow valued 2 13s 4d Sterling.
Eight sheep to Malcolm Forbes in Markdow valued 2 8s Sterling.

And lastly given up and resting by John McKenzie in Rienand of 3 9s 6d Sterling as the balance of a greater born by his bill to the defunct bearing date the 18th December 1764, payable at Martinmass then next and the annual interest theron.

Summary of Inventory VII=XVII=VII (7 17s 7d)

This Testament was confirmed at Dunkeld by Mr Thomas Bisset, commissary, upon the 29th day of August 1775 and Patrick and Robert Stewarts in Toldunie became cautioners for the executory bond.

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